Hamlet is a tragedy by William Shakespeare, believed to have been written between 1599 and 1601. The play, set in Denmark, recounts how Prince Hamlet exacts revenge on his uncle Claudius, who has murdered Hamlet’s father, the King, and then taken the throne and married Hamlet’s mother. The play vividly charts the course of real and feigned madness—from overwhelming grief to seething rage—and explores themes of treachery, revenge, incest, and moral corruption.
William Shakespeare (baptised26 April 1564 – died 23 April 1616) was an English poet and playwright, widelyregarded as the greatest writer in the English language and the world’spre-eminent dramatist. He is often called England’s national poet and the“Bard of Avon” (or simply “The Bard”). His surviving worksconsist of 38 plays, 154 sonnets, two long narrative poems, and several otherpoems. His plays have been translated into every major living language, and areperformed more often than those of any other playwright. Shakespeare was bornand raised in Stratford-upon-Avon. At the age of 18 he married Anne Hathaway,who bore him three children: Susanna, and twins Hamnet and Judith. Between 1585and 1592 he began a successful career in London as an actor, writer, and partowner of the playing company the Lord Chamberlain’s Men, later known as the King’s Men.